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HOW TO CAST A FLY
some parts by Harry Salmgren

Flycasting is a very enjoyable and pleasant exercise and should not to be made more complicated than it really is. Therefore, let us assume that your rod is the "pendulum" in the air which, when moved forward or back, will increase line speed. The goal is to create a controlled loop by halting the rod motion at the correct time, thereby causing the trailing line to ultimately stretch out. The formation of loops is accomplished with the rod and repeated motions, back and forth with pauses in between.

Practice
You should take a comfortable stance with both feet. The rod, with an additional two rod-lengths of fly line should be extended behind you on the lawn (or equivalent). Hold the rod grip comfortably with a "tennis" grip. Bring the rod tip over your head in an accelerated motion. This will give the line enough speed to form a loop as you eventually halt the rod tip in its forward position. You can decide exactly when and how you want to form your loop. By gradually trying to narrow the loop, you get more and more control over what happens. So, by getting familiar with the motion and concentrating on forming the loop narrower, your casting will improve. Just think narrow loop, and you'll get there! By returning the rod with a flick backwards, you'll then also be able to form an equivalent loop behind you. With some practice, you can start casting effortlessly by lifting the line from a position in front of your body and repeating the motion after the loop has stretched out behind you.

Side Casting
Eventually, you'll want more control. This will come by casting sideways, parallel to the ground in front of you, thereby letting the rod and loop move to the left and to the right of you, back and forward. This practice also gives you an insight into the dynamics of a performed cast. You realize that you sometimes need something similar to a "racket swing" and sometimes a "hammer swing" to exactly perform the desired loop.

There is suddenly no need of specified casting arcs. You can utilize longer strokes when called for, or shorter when those are needed. Practice under controlled conditions or at your favorite fishing hole will help you adjust for wind, weather, distance or types of flies used. The casting motion required to form the loop, will also depend on the rod and line combination.

Narrowing It Down
This process relates to your casting arc or motion. The narrow loop arc is essential most of the time. Using the narrow loop will bring the rest of the fly line into a straight cast when performed appropriately. There is great satisfaction when everything falls into place. The joy of perfecting one's cast, often equates to the joy of catching a fish. Good luck and remember "practice makes perfect."

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